Repetition with slight variation primarily through final particles in Korean-English bilingual children’s interaction


  • Younhee Kim Nanyang Technological University



Korean, conversation analysis, repetition, final particle


Employing Conversation Analysis, this study examines self-repetition with slight variation, primarily made through final particles, in the playtime interaction of Korean-English bilingual children with each other and their caregiver(s). Final particles in the Korean language provide speakers with grammatical resources with which they can effectively modify their actions as well as stances while they repeat their own prior utterances only with a change in (a) final particle(s). The analysis shows how resayings are prompted by interactional contingencies, such as some perceived issue with the first saying or the ways in which participants deal with the first saying, e.g., lack of response. The article illustrates how speakers achieve footing shifts across turns, greater precision in the actions they seek to perform via the practice of slightly variant repetition. Implications of the complex phenomenon of repetition as a site of language learning and use in children’s talk are also discussed.

Author Biography

Younhee Kim, Nanyang Technological University

Younhee Kim is currently Research Scientist at the National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. Her research interests include Second Language Acquisition/Learning, Conversation Analysis, and Pragmatics in a second language. Her current research involves examining bilingual children’s language acquisition from a conversation-analytic perspective. She has published in Applied Linguistics, Journal of Pragmatics, Journal of Teacher Education, and a number of other journals as well as some book chapters.


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How to Cite

Kim, Y. (2018). Repetition with slight variation primarily through final particles in Korean-English bilingual children’s interaction. East Asian Pragmatics, 3(1), 59–90.