Sociolinguistic Studies <p>This journal takes an ecumenical approach to the different schools, methodological principles or research orientations within sociolinguistic research and also accepts contributions from related fields such as pragmatics, discourse analysis, conversational analysis, interactional linguistics, language acquisition and socialization, linguistic anthropology, ethnomethodology and the ethnography of communication. Papers may examine any issue in sociolinguistic research and occasionally papers are accepted for publication in&nbsp;Spanish, Galician, Portuguese or French (90% of the contents are in English).&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>© Equinox Publishing Ltd.</p> <p>For information regarding our Open Access policy, <a title="Open access policy." href="Full%20details of our conditions related to copyright can be found by clicking here.">click here</a>.</p> (Xoán Paulo Rodríguez-Yáñez) (Ailsa Parkin) Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 African anthroponyms Eyo Mensah, Kirsty Rowan Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 In the name of the father-in-law <p>In a range of eastern and southern African language communities, stretching from Ethiopia to the Cape, married women are enjoined to avoid the names of members of their husband's family as well as (near-)homophones of those names, and to replace tabooed vocabulary with substitute words. Although in-law name avoidance is a global phenomenon, the daughter-in-law speech registers thus constituted are unusual in their linguistic elaboration: they involve avoidance not only of names and true homophones of names but also an array of words whose only relation to tabooed names is phonological similarity. We provide an overview of the distribution and convergent social and linguistic characteristics of these registers and then examine one register more closely, namely, that of Datooga of Tanzania. To tease apart the layers of causality that converge upon this particular sociolinguistic pattern, we consider archaeological, ethnological, sociolinguistic and genetic lines of evidence. We propose that any partial diffusion of in-law avoidance practices has been complemented by a complex of sociocultural factors motivating the emergence of this pattern at different times and places across the African continent. These factors include pastoralism, patrilineal descent ideologies and norms of patrilocal postmarital residence paired with cattle-based bridewealth exchange.</p> Luke Fleming, Alice Mitchell, Isabelle Ribot Copyright (c) Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Onomastic strategies <p>In this article I propose to analyze three verbal strategies underlying the use of personal names by the Kabye of northern Togo. Such strategies fulfill a variety of purposes, including attempts to influence the behavior of a name-bearer in the context of interpersonal or social relationships. They are often implemented with the intent to help name-bearers live up to their name. Among these strategies I examine (1) the choice of a name, (2) its intonation and (3) its amplification. All three strategies fall within the scope of the socio-pragmatic approach to naming (the giving of names as well as their use) defined here as essentially an act of interpellation.</p> Atoma Batoma Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Aspects of traditional Tiv naming practices <p>Naming in the African cultural context serves both referential and connotative functions as a unique means of identity construction which contains important cultural meaning and metaphysical presuppositions. Among the Tiv people of Benue State, North-central Nigeria, personal names reflect social relations and reveal major insights into their history, philosophy, language, spirituality and worldview. Naming practices in Tiv are indicative of the community’s social existence and redefine the essence of its being. This article explores the interaction of the Tiv people naming system with their sociocultural experience and physical environment. We investigate how naming intersects with social class distinction (wealth vs. poverty), emotions, occupations and topography, and examine their sources, social categorization and socio-onomastic significance. This study is theoretically rooted in Goddard’s (2006) ethnopragmatic paradigm which examines the locally relevant construction of cultural and contextual meanings in the interpretation of language. Data for the study were sourced from two Tiv communities of Gboko and Makurdi in Benue State, Nigeria through participant observations, personal interviews and conversations with name-bearers, -givers and -users. We conclude that Tiv personal names reflect the sociocultural environment and provide prominent sites for the creative expression of the Tiv social universe and lived cultural experiences.</p> Eyo Mensah, Kirsty Rowan, Akase Tiav, Jighjigh Ishima Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Ideology and identity construction in Ibibio personal names <p>Existing studies on African anthroponyms have examined the implications of culture, history and language on individual identity constructions in personal names. However, few studies have explored the ideological processes involved in these identity constructions. To fill this gap, this study examines the concepts of ideology and identities in Ibibio personal names from ethnographic and ethnopragmatic perspectives. The data consists of eighty-five Ibibio personal names which were derived from oral interviews with Ibibio name-bearers and givers from Akwa Ibom State, South-eastern Nigeria. The names were categorized into four types: Christian religion, order of birth, endearment and character attribute, depicting the characteristics, cultural norms and religious beliefs of name-bearers. Family relationships, beliefs and knowledge of the culture are, therefore, important ideological indicators for constructing identities through naming. Thus, the names may either portray the bearer’s self-definition and identification or convey social biases. This article argues that identities constructed in Ibibio personal names are intrinsically localized within the name-bearers’ transfer of their cultural conceptualization of their personal names to their lived experiences. The study examines how these innate connections mirror the beliefs or ideologies of name-bearers.</p> Eniola Boluwaduro Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Yoruba personal naming system <p>The Yoruba, like many other ethnic nationalities in Africa, have developed personal naming traditions, practices and patterns that represent the beliefs, expectations and circumstances surrounding new births. This article examines this aspect of the Yoruba culture, set as models and practiced by members of every Yoruba speech community. It discusses the typology of Yoruba personal names by focusing on their sociolinguistic features, and the impact of Western culture, Christianity and Islam on these names. The data collected for the study were drawn primarily from participant observations and oral interviews in addition to previous studies on Yoruba personal names. Textual data were sourced from the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and the National Examinations Council (NECO) lists of Yoruba candidates and admission lists of four universities. This article is based on indexicality theory which purports that the referent of a name is determined by the context. It is revealed that these names tell stories of families’ socio-economic backgrounds, represent customs and religions, reflect dreams, as well as predict the child’s future path. Yoruba personal names, therefore, mirror their cultural norms and social imaginaries.</p> Gbenga Fakuade, Joseph Friday-Otun, Hezekiah Adeosun Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Onomastics and translation <p>‘Líwhù’ (meaning ‘death’) as a morpheme in some Bette (Obudu) names has cultural, religious and social relevance. Generally used as variations of allusions to death, it encapsulates the Bette person’s very essence as a being deeply rooted in the existence of spirits and other supernatural forces. This belief is part of a Bette person’s daily life. This article seeks to translate Bette (Obudu) death-related or ‘Líwhù’ names into English with a view to providing acceptable alternative labels in English. Data were collected at random from a sampled population of 40 Obudu indigenes whose names bear a ‘Líwhù’ affix. Of these, nine recurrent ‘Líwhù’ names were retained and organized in five categories, depending on the cultural, religious or social roles they play in the life or lives of the bearer(s). In this study, we translated, analysed and explained the data from three main perspectives, that is, the linguistic, interpretative and semiotic approaches. The paper intends to add to the earlier voices of Asadu and Nzuanke (2014), which stated that most African proper names are translatable because, as symbols or signs, they have meanings that are founded on their particular psycho-spiritual functions in such societies.</p> Samson Nzuanke, Zana Akpagu Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Fri, 21 Feb 2020 16:32:37 +0000 I cannot baptize Satan <p>This article examines the communicative significance and sociolinguistic import of deathprevention names in Mbube, Ogoja Local Government Area of Cross River State, Southeastern Nigeria. Naming in the Mbube cultural context reveals deep insights into the relationship between the name-giver and the cultural framework of the Mbube people. This study is an attempt to identify death-prevention names Mbube people bestow and what they communicate in terms of ideology, spirituality and social solidarity. The study relies on Leech’s (1983) socio-pragmatic paradigm on meaning processes, which interrogates social perceptions underlying participants’ interpretation and performance of communicative action (Kasper and Rose, 2002:2). Data for the study were sourced from givers and bearers of death-prevention names in the study area. Interviews and participants observations were the key elicitation techniques with respondents who have in-depth knowledge of the history, language and culture of the Mbube people. The study gains sufficient insights from Mbube religious beliefs, cosmology and history, which resonate in the Mbube naming system generally and death-prevention names in particular. Findings reveal that Mbube death-prevention names confer honour on both the past (ancestors) and the present (living beings), and serve as symbolic resources that encode deep cultural meanings, construct identity and reinforce the notion of personhood.</p> Jonas Akung, Oshega Abang Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Naming and social identity <p>Among the Awgbu Igbo people in Anambra State, South-east Nigeria, praise names are bestowed on community members as traditional identifying resources to reflect their personalities, aspirations and social being. These names are required for all adults to establish bonding, extend social relationships and strengthen feelings of solidarity within their local and translocal spaces. This study undertakes a sociolinguistic investigation of male praise names among members of the Awgbu Igbo community taking into account how the names are socially constructed to negotiate identity and authenticity. The discourse of praise names in Awgbu is analysed using social identity theory (Tajfel and Turner, 1979), which maintains that at the level of the self, a person may have multiple social identities, which widen circles of group membership, enact friendship and foster individual identity and collective belonging. We have classified praise names based on relevant social categories that reflect Awgbu life experiences. This study concludes that praise names can create a platform for group members to bond socially by offering an alternate naming enterprise which provides bearers with interactional strategies for the discursive and ideological construction of power and dominance.</p> Patience Solomon-Etefia, Amaka Ideh Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Personal names as communicative tools in Tshivenḓa <p>Africans maintain close connections with their traditions and places of origin. They express those connections in many ways, including through naming practices. Among the Vhavenḓa of South Africa, personal names go beyond identity construction as they communicate beliefs, historical antecedents, values, intentions, experiences and other cultural practices. The purpose of this article is to explore how the naming system is used as a communicative tool that mirrors a wide range of human experiences within the Vhavenḓa socio-cultural context. A sampled population of twenty-five Vhavenḓa participants, including name-givers and bearers, were interviewed to elicit information about the meaning of their names. The data were collected over a period of five months. The names were analysed according to their semantic and pragmatic content. The findings reveal various derivational categories of Vhavenḓa personal names, such as death, social conditions, illness and reincarnation, acquired names, Christian beliefs and thanksgiving personal names. It is also clear that the study of the Vhavenḓa naming practice is equally the study of their social and historical phenomena, since their naming custom is so intertwined with their cultural and historical contexts.</p> Itani Peter Mandende, Mzwamadoda Phillip Cekiso, Christopher Rwodzi Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Naming and the reconstruction of female identity in Bette-Obudu <div><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">This study suggests a theoretical connection between Bette given maiden name at birth,&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">which tends to circumscribe the child’s psyche in the exclusive cast of future wife or&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">mother; and the resultant personal identity of the adult woman in compliance or deviance.&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">Using French feminist psychoanalytical critical theory which perceives sex roles and&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">gender as patriarchal cultural constructs through the agency of language, the study&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">rearticulates Bette-Obudu female names as ‘embodied’ signifiers that may have future&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">identity consequences on the name-bearers in the contemporary world of multi-tasking.&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">Using a purposive sample of 74 maiden names from the five Bette speaking communities, I&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">argue, using qualitative ethnographic analysis, that these manipulative naming practices&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">(re)construct the girl-child’s self-concept and self-image in some future time; finding&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">further that a combination of neo-colonial religions, the 21st-century marriage institution&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">and cultural traditions among Bette people may be contributory to name mutations and the&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">creation of deviance. Significantly, female naming tradition among Bette people tends to&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'><span style="font-size: 16px;">‘pre-fix’ the girl-child along patriarchal designs, thereby making the contemporary Bette&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif; font-size: 16px;'>woman appear marginal to other concerns of postmodern imperatives.</span></div> Liwhu Betiang Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 English ‘non-name’ address forms in the non-native sociolinguistic context <p>In this paper, the focus is on non-name address forms, or rather, non-proper name address forms, and they are seen as English loan words, which are originally used in the native English culture not as address terms or names. With their use in the Akan culture, these expressions have not only been loaned, but they have also been referentially transformed. The paper looks at the use of such address forms of English origin as kinship terms, common formal titles, status-description names, names denoting age and physical characteristics and occupational names in the Akan culture. It discusses the meaning and use of these names vis-à-vis their usage in Standard English. The paper also discusses the processes of indigenisation as the terms are adopted into the Akan sociolinguistic culture.</p> Yaw Sekyi-Baidoo Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <i>The Routledge Handbook of Arabic Linguistics</i> by Elabbas Benmamoun and Reem Bassiouney, (eds), (2018) <div><em>The Routledge Handbook of Arabic Linguistics </em>by Elabbas Benmamoun and Reem Bassiouney (eds) (2018), London and New York: Routledge, ISBN: 978-1-138-78333-1. Pp. 580.</div> Silvia de Pompeis Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <i>Linguistic Ethnography of a Multilingual Call Center: London Calling</i> by Johanna Woydack (2019) <div><em>Linguistic Ethnography of a Multilingual Call Center: London Calling </em>by&nbsp;Johanna Woydack (2019), London: Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN: 978-3-319-93322-1 (hardback), 978-3-319-93323-8 (eBook), Pp. xv + 214.</div> Grace Fay Cooper Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <i>The Reconstruction of Modality in Chinese-English Government Press Conference Interpreting</i> by Xin Li (2019) <div><em>The Reconstruction of Modality in Chinese-English Government Press Conference Interpreting </em>by Xin Li (2019), Singapore: Springer, ISBN: 9789811051685 (hardback). Pp. 202.</div> Yufei Yan, Zhongqing He Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 <i>Dogri and its Dialects: A Comparative Study of Kandi and Pahari Dogri</i> by Kamaldeep Kaur and Amitabh Vikram Dwivedi (2019) <div><em>Dogri and its Dialects: A Comparative Study of Kandi and Pahari Dogri </em>by Kamaldeep Kaur and Amitabh Vikram Dwivedi (2019), Munich: Lincom Europa. Pp. 216, ISBN: 9783862888672.</div> Ayushi Ayushi Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Editor-in-Chief’s acknowledgements <p>The Editor-in-Chief wishes to thank the team of experts who throughout 2019 helped revise the articles received. Thanks so much to Parisa Abdolrezapour, Virginia Acuña Ferreira, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, Giovanna Alfonzetti, Angeliki Alvanoudi, Ad M. Backus, Montserrat Benítez Fernández, José Luis Blas Arroyo, David Britain, Ana Maria Carvalho, Álvaro Cerrón-Palomino, Jan Jaap de Ruiter, Cynthia Dunn, Nydia Flores-Ferrán, Victoria Gulida, Azirah Hashim, Christine Hélot, Juan M. Hernández-Campoy, Daniel Z. Kadar, Marilena Kariolemou, Paul Kerswill, Carol A. Klee, Isabelle Léglise, Gerhard Leitner, Kevin McCafferty, Mary Maguire, Shahrzad Mahootian, Miriam Meyerhoff, Ennaji Moha, Uri Mor, Tadhg O´Hifearnain, Uta Papen, Joan Pujolar Cos, Doina Repede, Abelardo San Martín Núñez, Juana Santana Marrero, Marián Sloboda, Erik R. Thomas, Donald Tuten, Mark Waltermire, Lionel Wee Hock Ann, Quentin Williams, and Anastassia Zabrodskaja.</p> Xoán Paulo Rodríguez-Yáñez Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Thu, 20 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000