Pomegranate 2020-11-17T23:36:43+00:00 Chas S. Clifton Open Journal Systems <p><em>Pomegranate</em>&nbsp;is the first International, peer-reviewed journal of Pagan studies. It provides a forum for papers, essays and symposia on both ancient and contemporary Pagan religious practices.&nbsp;<em>The Pomegranate</em>&nbsp;also publishes timely reviews of scholarly books in this growing field.</p> Introduction to the Special Issue of The Pomegranate on Paganism, Art, and Fashion 2020-11-17T22:27:24+00:00 Caroline Jane Tully <p>This is the introduction to the special issue on Paganism Art and Fashion</p> 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Feminist Interpretations of Witches and the Witch Craze in Contemporary Art by Women 2020-11-17T22:49:53+00:00 Katy Deepwell <p>This article considers feminist interpretations of the witch in contemporary art in relation to the witch craze: examples are by Georgia Horgan, Ann-Sofi Sidén, Mathilde ter Heijne, Monica Sjöö, Tania Antoshina, Helen Chadwick, Jesse Jones, and Carolee Schneemann. The argument explores the ways that the figure of the witch is analyzed in three different feminist critiques of patriarchy, and subsequently pursues how these ideas have been taken up in contemporary art by these women artists. The differences between three authors: Matilda Joslyn Gage (1893); Mary Daly (1984); and Silvia Federici (2004) are highlighted and contrasted to other historians’ analyses from the last thirty years of the fate of women accused as witches during the European Witch Hunt between the fifteenth to eighteenth centuries. This was a paper given at Misogyny: Witches and Wicked Bodies, Institute of Contemporary Arts, (ICA) London in March 2015.</p> 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. High Glamour 2020-11-17T22:55:15+00:00 Charlotte Rodgers <p>The iconography and visuals associated with magic are highly evocative and responsible for a major part of its appeal. The strong, often iconoclastic imagery exerts a particularly powerful draw for the artist or craftsperson because of its ability to fire the imagination, and to inspire creative work in response. Until recent times, creative interpretations of magic within mainstream fashion have mainly been on a subtle and subversive level; generally within a counter cultural context.&nbsp; So why is magical symbolism being appropriated within high fashion at this particular point in time?</p> 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Hashtag Heathens 2020-11-17T23:04:47+00:00 Ross Downing <p>A rising number of young adult females use Instagram, posting pictures with hashtags which alert Instagram users to their specific interests. Heathens have also begun to use Instagram and in order to better understand this new feature of the religious movement I interviewed fifteen Instagram account owners whom I identified by three factors.</p> <p>1. Their use of three or more of the following hashtags: #norsewitch #heathengirl #seidr #volva #galdr #norsepagan #heathensofInstagram #witch #runes #viking #shamanism #witchesofInstagram<br>2. Their personal identification as Heathen, Asatru, Norse Pagan, or otherwise expressing spiritual belief in a Nordic mythology.<br>3. The account had at least 500 followers, indicating the likelihood of having an impact on Heathens, Pagans, and sympathetic individuals.</p> <p>My focus is to document the processes and dynamics of Instagram as a medium for religious communication from the point of view of producers of religious content: the alpha Instagram account owners. The data shows that these young females apply significant theological thought in their posts and most have a strong sense of responsibility to teach others about Heathenry. The data departs from previous research on Instagram and Heathenry in that the account owners appear to have altruistic motives in the first instance and an affirmative non-political epistemology in the second.</p> 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Wolves Amongst the Sheep 2020-11-17T23:10:22+00:00 Mariusz Filip <p>In this paper I investigate the meaning of “ritual robes” within the contemporary Pagan movement. Although they are a kind of cultural icon, I argue that for some Pagans they may be of minor significance. In the case of the Order of Zadruga (Northern Wolf) from Poland, I seek to demonstrate how a paramilitary uniform may become a sign of extreme right-wing Slavic Paganism. The examination of the uniform’s aesthetics leads to revealing the connection with so called Aryan ethics as well as “natural poetics.” An attempt of the naturalizing view would be a final step.</p> 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. The Morrigan as a “Dark Goddess” 2020-11-17T23:16:44+00:00 Áine Warren <p>This research examines the contemporary worship of an Irish folkloric figure, the Morrigan, as expressed on the new media platform of YouTube, and within the context of the wider concept of the Dark Goddess. While narratives of a “dark”’ Goddess existed in earlier Pagan and Goddess-focused texts, material describing a Dark Goddess archetype who enables women’s healing and empowerment developed from the 1990s alongside third-wave feminism. As the Morrigan is portrayed in the online Pagan community as a “dark goddess,” this folkloric figure is transformed or re-imagined through Dark Goddess discourse. Morrigan devotees reinterpret the Morrigan through self-narration in new media, a therapeutic process through which they recontextualise and give new meaning to autobiographical experiences. The Morrigan is reconfigured by devotees as a force which has brought about, assisted them through, and healed them from personal struggles. This discourse allows practitioners—predominantly women—to reconfigure personal narratives of struggle as transformational rites of passage.&nbsp;</p> 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Getting It Wrong 2020-11-17T23:22:12+00:00 Diane Purkiss <p>This article is an examination of recent best-selling fictions and television adaptations which portray the history of witchcraft, often using outmoded historical theses, and often falsifying the known life histories of actual convicted witches. This article argues that these fictions, marked by problematically eugenicist ideas of magic, and in one case by a very uncomfortable appropriation of the Holocaust, are ultimately unhelpful to Pagans because they falsify history and deny the real needs of the contemporary Pagan communities.</p> 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Acknowledgements 2020-11-17T23:36:43+00:00 Chas Clifton <p>The editor wishes to thank the following peer reviewers for Volume 21 (2019): Barbara Jane Davy, Douglas Ezzy, Shai Feraro, Graham Harvey, Galina Krasskova, Sabina Magliocco, Scott Simpson, and Caroline Tully.</p> 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. S. Kelley Harrell, <i>Runic Book of Days: A Guide to Living the Annual Cycle of Rune Magick</i> and Nigel Pennick, <i>Runic Lore & Legend: Wyrdstaves of Old Northumbria</i> 2020-11-17T23:27:17+00:00 Jefferson F. Calico 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Duncan Macrae, <i>Legible Religion: Books, Gods, and Rituals in Roman Culture</i> 2020-11-17T23:31:45+00:00 Norman Simms 2020-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Equinox Publishing Ltd.