The Goddess and/as the Cyborg: Nature and Technology in Feminist Witchcraft


  • Chris Klassen York University



goddess spirituality, Donna Haraway, feminist witchcraft


Feminist Witchcraft is a nature religion that posits a holism based on the immanence of the Goddess. This article outlines how these concepts—’nature’ and ‘holism’—are understood by feminist Witches and then explores the implications of these concepts in the context of two novels. A holism based on the inclusion of humanity and the rest of the natural world in the body of the Goddess implies that humans, and their cultural and mechanical constructions, are also part of nature. Thus a dismissal of mechanistic technology as inherently unnatural does not fit with the declared holism. Yet both of these novels show suspicion, to varying degrees, of mechanistic technology. A conversation with Donna Haraway and her cyborg theory provides a way to rethink the divide between natural and technological sometimes found in these novels and in feminist Witchcraft in general.

Author Biography

Chris Klassen, York University

Chris Klassen is a PhD candidate in the Women’s Studies program at York University in Toronto, Ontario. Her dissertation is titled Storied Selves: Technologies of Opposition and Speculation in Feminist Witchcraft. She also teaches in the Religion and Culture department at Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario


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How to Cite

Klassen, C. (2007). The Goddess and/as the Cyborg: Nature and Technology in Feminist Witchcraft. Pomegranate, 7(2), 1730193.