It Ain't Necessarily So

The Music Industry and Pop Culture -- the case for an Australian Study


  • Marcus Breen



Australian Music Industry


If Australian music industry studies were to be considered as those produced locally within the academic domain, then we could count them on the fingers of one hand. This short review of literature in the field of Australian music and record industry studies highlights the paucity of local! y published material and seeks to establish directions in which a music industry study can proceed.


Adorno, T. (1941) 'On Popular Music', Studies in Philosophy and Social Science 9 reprinted (1990), Frith, S. and Goodwin, A. (eds) On Record: Rock, Pop, and The Written Word, London: Routledge.

Bain, J. (1986) Industrial Organisation, New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Breen, M. ( 1987a) 'Rock Journalism: betrayal of the impulse' in Missing in Action: Australian popular music in perspective, v1, Breen, M. (ed) Melbourne: Verbal Graphics, pp 202-227 .

-----, ( 1987b) 'Fundamentalist Music: the popular impulse', in Missing in Action: Australian popular music in perspective, vl, Breen, M. (ed) Melbourne: Verbal Graphics, pp 8-31.

-----, ( 1990) 'What Defence for Australian Music on Radio: pop music quotas and national identity',Australian Studies, n14, October, pp 27-37.

Chapple, S. and Garofalo, R. ( 1977) Rock 'n' Roll is Here to Pay: the history and politics of the music industry, Chicago: Nelson-Hall.

Craig, D. (1976) 'Marxism and Popular Culture' in Bigsby, C.W.E. ( ed)Approaches to Popular Culture, London: Edward Arnold, pp 129-151.

Dannen, F. (1990) Hit Men: Power brokers and fast money inside the music business, New York: Times Books.

den Hartog, D. and Alomes, S. (1991) 'From Popular Culture to Cultural Studies -and Beyond' in Alomes, S. and den Hartog, D. (eds), Post Pop: popular culture, nationalism and postmodernism, Footscray: Cultural Studies Unit, Victoria University of Technology.

Eisenberg, E. (1988) The Recording Angel: Music records and culture from Aristotle to Zappa, London: Picador.

Frith, S. (1978) The Sociology of Rock, London: Constable.

-----, (1983) Sound Effects: Youth,Leisure and the Politics of Rock 'n' Roll, London: Constable.

-----, (1986) 'Art versus technology: the strange case of popular music', Media, Culture and Society, v8, pp 263-279.

-----, (1987a) 'The Industrialisation of Popular Music' in Lull, J. (ed) Popular Music and Communication, London: Sage.

-----, (1987b) 'The making of the British recor(f industry 1920-64' in Curan, J., Smith, A. and Wingate, P. (eds) Impacts and Influences: Essays on media power in the twentieth century, London: Methuen, pif'278-290.

-----, (1988) 'Why Do Songs Have Words?' in Music for Pleasure: Essays in the sociology of pop, Cambridge: Polity Press.

-----, (1990) 'Video Pop: Picking up the pieces'~in Frith, S. (ed) Facing the Music: Essays on pop, rock and culture, London: Meti:ilien.

... Frith, S. and Goodwin, A. (1990) 'Musicology and Semiotics' in Frith, S. and Goodwin,A. (eds)OnRecord:Rock,Popandthe Written Word,London: Routledge, pp 275-276.

Garofalo, R. (1987) 'How autonomous is relative: popular music, the social formation and cultural struggle', Popular Music, v6, nl, pp 77-92.

Gendron, B. (1986) 'Theodore Adorno Meets the Cadillacs' in ModJeski, T. (ed) Studies in Entertainment: critical approaches to mass culture, Indiana University Press.

Gold, S.S. (1987) 'Policy and Administrative Change in the Arts in Australia', Prometheus, v5, n1, June, pp 146-154.

Goodwin, A. (1991) 'Popular Music and Postmodem Theory', Cultural Studies, v5, n2, pp 174-191.

Grossberg, L. (1986) 'Is There Rock After Punk?' with Frith, S., Marcus, G., Nugent, S., Critical Studies in Mass Communication, v3, nl.

---------, ( 1988) It's a Sin: Essays on postmodernism, politics and culture, Sydney: Power Publications.

Hall, S. (1988) 'The Toad in the Garden: Thatcherism among the Theorists' in Nelson, C., and Grossberg, L. (eds) Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, pp 35-73.

Hebdige, D. (1979) Subculture: The meaning of style, London: Methuen.

Hirsch, P. (1972) 'Processing Fads and Fashions: An organisation-set analysis of cultural industry systems', American Journal of Sociology, n77, reprinted in Frith, S. and Goodwin, A. (eds) (1990) On Record: Rock,PopandThe Written Word, London: Routledge.

Laing, D. (1985) One Chord Wonders: Power and meaning in punk rock, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

-----, (1991) 'A voice without a face: popular music and the phonograph of the 1890s', Popular Music, v10, n1, January, pp 1-10.

Lewis, L.A. ( 1990) 'Being Discovered: Female address on music television', Jump Cut, n35, pp 2-15.

Marcus, G. ( 1989) Lipstick Traces: A secret history of the 20th century, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

McRobbie, A. (ed) (1989) Zoot Suits and Second Hand Dresses: An anthology of • fashion and music, London: Macmillan.

Potts, J. (1989) Radio in Australia, Sydney: University of NSW Press.

Radway, J. (1984) Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy and Popular Literature, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Reynolds, S. (1990) Blissed Out: The raptures of rock, London: Serpent's Tale.

Shepherd, J. (1982) Tin Pan Alley, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Stockbridge, S. (1989) 'The Pay-for-Play Debate: Australian Television versus the Record Companies, and the myth of"Public Benefit", in Bennett, T. ( ed)Rock Music: Politics and Policy, Brisbane: Griffith University Institute for Cultural Policy Studies.

Tagg, P. ( 1981) Kojak: 50 seconds of television music, Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg Music Department.

Tirole, J. (1988) The Theory of Industrial Organisation, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Turner, G. (1989) 'Rock Music, National Culture and Cultural Policy' in Bennett, T. (ed) Rock Music: Politics and Policy, Institute for Cultural Policy Studies, Brisbane: Griffith University.

Wallis, R. and Maim, K. ( 1984) Big Sounds from small peoples: The music industry in small countries, London: Constable.

Windshuttle, K. (1984) The Media: A new analysis of the press, television, radio and azdvertising in Australia, Melbourne: Penguin.

Zion, L. (1987) 'The impact of the Beatles on pop music in Australia 1963-66', Popular Music, v6, n3, October, pp 29!-312.

----, (1988) 'The Sound of 'Australian' Music, in:Bergmann, V. and Lee. J. (eds) Constructing a Culture: A People's History ofA~stralia since 1788, Melbourne:

McPhee Gribble/Penguin. -_

----, (1989) 'Disposable icons: pop music in Australia, 1955-63', Popular Music, v8, n2, May, pp 165-176.



How to Cite

Breen, M. (2015). It Ain’t Necessarily So: The Music Industry and Pop Culture -- the case for an Australian Study. Perfect Beat, 1(1), 63–74.