Polyphony in Appraisal

typological and topological perspectives


  • Monika Bednarek University of Technology, Sydney




Apraisal, Evaluation, Polyphony, Typology, Topology, Attitude, Affect, Graduation, Engagement, Modality, Subjectivity


This paper examines the concept of polyphony in Appraisal (evaluation) - the combining (e.g. fusing or blending) of different kinds of Appraisal systems or sub-systems.It identifies and describes four different types of polyphonic phenomena: 1) Fused Appraisals 2) Invoked Apraisals 3) Border phenomena 4) Appraisal blends In so doing, this paper provides a preliminary systematisation of such phenomena, in some cases offering an alternative description to those currently available. It also discusses the adequacy of typology and topology in classifying Appraisal and provides a theoretical background to the multiple coding practices in the analysis of Appraisal.

Author Biography

Monika Bednarek, University of Technology, Sydney

Chancellors Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, UTS


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How to Cite

Bednarek, M. (2010). Polyphony in Appraisal: typological and topological perspectives. Linguistics and the Human Sciences, 3(2), 107–136. https://doi.org/10.1558/lhs.v3i2.107