Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders 2021-11-20T12:03:11+00:00 Elizabeth Spencer Open Journal Systems <p>The&nbsp;<em>Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders</em>&nbsp;provides a unique forum for qualitative research relating to speech and language disorders, therapeutic and educational interactions, and for research into the contextual issues involved in these interactions. It also includes quantitative studies in the area of social interaction.&nbsp;</p> The print newspaper as an interactional affordance in an interaction with a person with dementia 2021-11-12T11:51:46+00:00 Elisabeth Muth Andersen <p style="font-weight: 400;">Background/method: Using conversation analytical methodology, this article presents a detailed analysis of how a person with dementia uses the affordances of a print newspaper to initiate, manage, and close topics in an interaction with a visiting researcher during leisure time in the common room of a dementia unit. </p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Results: The analyses show how a print newspaper is introduced and handled effortlessly by a person with dementia and used for communication purposes. The person with dementia recurrently contributes to the interaction by making observations about and assessments of the visual appearance of the newspaper, reading aloud from the newspaper, and commenting.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Discussion/conclusion: The study discusses how social interaction that is anchored in familiar objects such as a newspaper may help persons with dementia and their interactional partners find common conversational ground that does not rely on access to specific memories of the past, which may increase active participation by the person with dementia.</p> 2021-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Engagement in small group interactions involving persons with primary progressive aphasia 2021-11-12T11:36:17+00:00 Chelsea Alcala Melinda Corwin Tobias Kroll Melissa Whitaker <p>Purpose: In group therapy, participant engagement is integral for achieving effective and meaningful interactions. Engagement is necessary not only for ensuring participation in the group, but also for promoting overall life engagement. Although engagement is vital to group therapy, it has remained largely unstudied, particularly in treatment for persons with primary progressive aphasia. </p> <p>Methods: Using samples from a videotaped small group interaction involving two graduate student clinicians and two persons with primary progressive aphasia, conversational actions contributing to engagement were identified and analyzed via content analysis and principles of conversation analysis.</p> <p>Results: Conversational actions resulting in engagement included clinician-appointed turns, participant affirmation, and member support. These conversational actions were found to maintain and/or increase wavering levels of participant engagement.</p> <p>Discussion: Findings for the study yielded clinical applications for clinician promotion of engagement during small group interactions involving persons with primary progressive aphasia to increase participant involvement and maximize therapeutic outcomes.</p> 2021-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Helping aphasic patients accomplish greeting exchanges 2021-11-12T11:31:33+00:00 Pairote Wilainuch <p style="font-weight: 400;">Background: This study explores greeting exchanges in stroke care, in particular the use of the ‘wai’ gesture.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Method: Seventeen patients with Broca’s aphasia, some family members, six nurses from district public health centers, and four nurses from a district hospital in northern Thailand were given written consent forms for participation. Thirty counseling sessions were video-recorded in patients’ homes and analyzed using conversation analysis. Direct observation and in-depth interview were also used for supplementary data collection. </p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Results: These showed a patient’s daughter helping her to accomplish a greeting. She was encouraged to use one hand to raise the other hand up. Another patient was only able to raise one hand to conduct the normal ‘wai,’ a potential cause of embarrassment for the patient, as the greeting is always formed by putting the two palms of the hands together. The nurse encouraged him to perform the greeting using one hand through different questions and statements.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Discussion and conclusion: While the ‘wai’ gesture and the spoken greeting ‘sawatdi’ used for social functions plays an important role in stroke counseling, the nursing guidelines in the Barthel Index excluded them in the section on non-verbal communication assessment. This article suggests that they should be taken into account, in order to improve the nursing guidelines to fit the Thai context.</p> 2021-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Reading trajectories in children with language disorders 2021-01-24T17:22:24+00:00 Ryan Nelson Jack S. Damico Holly L. Damico Karen Lynch Kathleen J. Abendroth Christine Weill Laura E. Arrington Amanda Percle <p>Background: The literature on typically developing children’s literacy acquisition provides a conventional model of development; however, little is available regarding how children with communicative disorders develop literacy abilities over time. This study describes the temporal trajectories of reading development in three children with diagnoses of language disorders and histories of reading difficulty. </p> <p>Method: A qualitative research design employing ethnographic data collection and analysis procedures was used. One male (age 8 years 9 months) and two females (ages 7 years 8 months and 7 years 11 months) identified as having impaired language and a history of reading difficulty were followed for 10 months as they engaged in literacy instruction.</p> <p>Results: Each child demonstrated a unique trajectory of literacy improvement. Trajectories of development were observed across the complexity of the materials read, as well as across variables reflective of comprehension. Variables included formal miscue analysis data, retelling of stories read, and text complexity. </p> <p>Discussion/conclusion: This study suggests that each language-impaired individual should be considered separately in how they progress and in how progression is manifested. If norm-referenced, standardized evaluation methods had been applied, or if only one sampling period had been used, the changes and progress noted in each of these participants may have been missed.</p> 2021-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. What is linguistic creativity in schizophrenia? 2021-03-19T23:38:32+00:00 Oliver Delgaram-Nejad Gerasimos Chatzidamianos Dawn Archer Samuel Larner <p>Background: In an experiment in which clinicians were asked to identify formal thought disorder (FTD) in schizophrenia based on writing samples, the mania and creative writing samples received more FTD diagnoses than the FTD samples. We conducted a systematic review to see whether figuration, associated with both schizophrenia and creative uses of language, could contextualize these findings.</p> <p>Methods: This was a systematic review only (PROSPERO ID:116255). We searched AMED, Child Development and Adolescent Studies, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycARTICLES, and PsycINFO. </p> <p>Results. Many studies used figuration tasks to test creativity and vice versa, and key factors affecting figurative language output and processing were positive and negative symptom ratios, IQ, and schizophrenia subtype.</p> <p>Discussion/conclusion: Our review suggests that the clinicians in the experiment mentioned above perceived FTD as characterized by linguistic markers of verbal and figural creativity that are impacted by FTD itself. FTD is more likely characterized by expressional disfluencies in specific contexts.</p> 2021-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd.