The experience of stigma in adults who lisp
A thematic analysis
Keywords:Lisp, Stigma, Minor Bodily Stigma, Disability, Qualitative Analysis
Objective: This study investigates and describes the experience of stigma in adults who self-identify as having a lisp. It aims to shed light on and legitimize adults who self-identify as having a lisp through what emerges from their described lived experiences and in terms of minor bodily stigma and models of disability.
Method: Data were gathered through qualitative semi-structured interviews with seven self-identified adults who lisp. These interviews were conducted and audio-recorded in person, via Skype, and via a conference call setup, depending on the level of convenience and the preferences of the participants. Interviews were transcribed. Transcript data underwent systematic thematic analysis rooted in qualitative research theory.
Results: One overriding theme, three underlying themes, and eight subordinate thematic categories were yielded from the described lived experiences of the participants.
Discussion: Results are examined in light of previous stigma literature establishing lisping as a minor bodily stigma, as well as models of disability. The experiences of stigma in adults who self-identify as having a lisp are varied and reflect internalized as well as public stigma.
Conclusions: The thorough exploration of emergent themes, requiring layers of repeated analysis and consideration, allows for the investigation, acknowledgement, illumination, and legitimization of the experience of stigma in adults who self-identify as having a lisp.
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