Journal of Glacial Archaeology 2020-01-24T05:04:28+00:00 Martin Callanan Open Journal Systems <p><em>The Journal of Glacial Archaeology</em> encompasses all topics concerning archaeological discoveries from glacial, permafrost, polar and high‐altitude frozen contexts across the world and presents the latest discoveries and research from frozen sites .</p> Reindeer Hunting, Materiality, Entanglement and Society in Norway 2018-10-23T14:48:50+00:00 Britt Solli <p>Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) has been a part of the fauna of the territory we today call Norway since the last Ice Age. Archaeological traces of hunting and trapping reindeer are many and varied in the high mountains. This paper presents a review of diverse hunting- and trapping strategies in prehistoric and medieval Norway.</p> 2018-09-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Glacial Archaeology in the Pennine Alps, Switzerland/Italy, 2011–2014 2018-10-23T14:48:52+00:00 Stephanie R. Rogers Philippe Curdy Muriel Eschmann-Richon Ralph Lugon <p>This report summarizes a glacial archaeology project funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) which took place between 2011 and 2014. This interdisciplinary project integrated methods from archaeology, history, and geography and resulted in the collection of more than one hundred objects of archaeological interest. Until now, 37 of those objects have been dated using radiocarbon analysis and range from the Bronze Age to modern times. The final results are presented and discussed and perspectives are offered in regard to future regional scale, interdisciplinary, glacial archaeological projects.</p> 2018-09-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Prehistoric and Medieval Skis from Glaciers and Ice Patches in Norway 2018-10-23T15:06:48+00:00 Espen Finstad Julian Martinsen Runar Hole Lars Pilø <p>Traditionally, ski history has relied on preserved skis from bogs, on rock carvings depicting skiers and on written sources. The on-going melting of mountain ice has led to the discovery of ancient skis from a new context. In this paper, we present ski finds from glacial ice in Norway, dated from the first millennium BCE to the Medieval Period. The finds of skis from glacial ice shed new light on the ski history of NorthWestern Europe—the development, the context of use in a high-alpine landscape and the skiing technique. One of the finds provides the earliest date yet for the use of fur on the underside of skis.</p> <p>Published Open Access CCY-BY&nbsp;</p> <p>Project supported by the Ministry of Climate and Environment; The Directorate of Cultural Heritage; Oppland County Council; Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo</p> 2018-09-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Inca Mountaintop Shrines and Glaciers in the High Andes 2018-10-23T14:48:58+00:00 Constanza Ceruti <p>This paper offers a summary of several years of high altitude archaeological investigations that I have undertaken in the South American Andes, focusing on the strategies used by the Inca civilization to choose Andean peaks for the construction of mountaintop shrines that are the highest archaeological sites in the world. Selected mountains were used as places of pilgrimage in the context of sacrifices and offerings performed five centuries ago during state-sponsored ceremonies called capacochas. Diverse attributes could have been involved in the selection of the mountains to be crowned with imperial summit shrines. Archaeological examples are from Andean mountains above 5,000 meters in elevation, where I have been conducting high-altitude explorations on more than one hundred peaks since 1996. The evidence from archaeological surveys is contrasted with ethnographic data and references from ethno-historical sources. Attributes such as the altitude of the mountains and their visibility, as well as the accessibility of the summits, are taken into consideration in the analysis, pondering the strategies used by the Incas to cope with glaciers climbs, active volcanoes and snowcapped peaks.</p> 2018-09-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Faunal Finds from Alpine Ice 2020-01-24T05:04:28+00:00 Jørgen Rosvold <p>Inland ice covers large areas of the world’s surface, but the ecology of the ice itself is poorly studied and largely unknown. A large variety of melted out faunal finds from glaciers and ice patches around the world have been discovered for more than 150 years. These finds hold a unique and largely untapped information potential for archaeology, faunal history and glacial ecology. In order to retrieve information from this frozen databank we need a better understanding of how the material were deposited. This article provides a background for glacial faunal finds worldwide and presents the relatively large Norwegian collections for the first time. The Norwegian finds are very well preserved, allowing good insights into the taphonomy of the finds. While most finds seem to be naturally deposited, many of the sites are interesting hybrids between archaeological and natural history sites. Potential implications and prospects for future management and research are further discussed.</p> 2018-09-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Equinox Publishing Ltd.