Living With Ghosts?
Soviet Heritage in the Russian North
Keywords:Soviet heritage , modern ruins, specters, hauntology, Nikel, Teriberka
Heritage is commonly understood as denoting sites, objects and traditions that are selected and protected for their uniqueness, monumentality, beauty and/or historical and cultural significance. Heritage, thus, is almost by definition something unquestionably valuable and good, and of outmost importance for our wellbeing and identity. This paper takes a different position and asks what happens if we question heritage’s status as a selected reserve of desired things and traditions. Based on fieldwork conducted in contemporary settlements in the Russian North, it explores how the role and significance we ascribe heritage may come out radically altered upon facing the unruly legacies of the Soviet past.
Andreassen, E., H. Bjerck and B. J. Olsen. 2010. Persistent Memories: Pyramiden – A Soviet Mining Town in the High Arctic. Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag.
Assmann, A. 2011. “Ghosts of the Past.” East European Memory Studies 8: 1–5.
Bangstad, T. and Þ. Pétursdóttir. 2022. Heritage Ecologies. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315101019
Bell, J. 2013. “The Politics of Preservation: Privileging One Heritage over Another.” International Journal of Cultural Property 20 (4): 431–450. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0940739113000192
Benjamin, W. 1999. The Arcades Project. Trans. H. Eiland and K. McLaughlin. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Bourdieu, P. 1984. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Trans. R. Nice. London: Routledge.
Bovt, G. 2007. “The Soviet Mentality is Alive and Well”. Moscow Times, 4 October.
Boym, S. 2001. The Future of Nostalgia. New York: Basic Books.
____. 2017. The Off-Modern. New York: Bloomsbury. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781501328961
Buck-Morss, S. 1991. The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project. Boston, MA: MIT Press.
Byrne, D. 2013. “Love and Loss in the 1960s.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 19 (6): 596–609. https://doi.org/10.1080/13527258.2012.686446
____. 2014. Counterheritage: Critical Perspectives on Heritage Conservation in Asia. New York: Routledge.
Castillo, M. M. and A. Strecker, eds. 2017. Heritage and Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Leiden: Leiden University Press.
Crea, G., A. Dafnis, J. Hallam, R. Kiddey and J. Schofield. 2014. “Turbo Island, Bristol: Excavating a Contemporary Homeless Place.” Post-Medieval Archaeology 48 (1): 133–150. https://doi.org/10.1179/0079423614Z.00000000050
Derrida, J. 1994. Specters of Marx: The State of the Debt, The Work of Mourning and the New International. Trans. P. Kamuf. New York: Routledge.
Dziuban, Z. 2014. “Memory as Haunting.” HAGAR: Studies in Culture, Polity and Identities 12: 111–135.
Foucault, M. 1989. The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. London: Tavistock/Routledge.
Gadamer, H.-G. 1975. Truth and Method. London: Sheed and Ward.
Habermas, J. 1985. The Theory of Communicative Action, Volume 1: Reason and the Rationalization of Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Harrison, R. 2013. “Forgetting to Remember, Remembering to Forget: Late Modern Heritage Practises, Sustainability and the ‘Crisis’ of Accumulation of the Past.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 19 (6): 579–595. https://doi.org/10.1080/13527258.2012.678371
____., C. DeSilvey, C. Holtorf, S. Macdonald, N. Bartolini, E. Breithoff, H. Fredheim, A. Lyons, S. May, J. Morgan and S. Penrose. 2020. Heritage Futures: Comparative Approaches to Natural and Cultural Heritage Practices. London: UCL Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv13xps9m
Harvey, D. C. 2001. “Heritage Pasts and Heritage Presents: Temporality, Meaning and the Scope of Heritage Studies.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 7 (4): 319–338. https://doi.org/10.1080/13581650120105534
Hewison, R. 1987. The Heritage Industry: Britain in a Climate of Decline. London: Methuen.
Holtorf, C. and A. Högberg, eds. 2020. Cultural Heritage and the Future. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315644615
Jameson, J. H. and S. Musteat?a?. 2019. Transforming Heritage Practice in the 21st Century: Contributions from Community Archaeology. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-14327-5
Kaya, A. 2020. Populism and Heritage in Europe: Lost in Diversity and Unity. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429457678
Kiddey, R. 2017. Homeless Heritage: Collaborative Social Archaeology as Therapeutic Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198746867.001.0001
Lahusen, T. 2006. “Decay or Endurance? The Ruins of Socialism.” Slavic Review 65 (4): 736–746. https://doi.org/10.2307/4148452
Lowenthal, D. 1998. The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511523809
Marx, K. 1968 . The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte. New York: International Publishers.
Nilsen, T. 2020. “You Can Now Buy an Apartment in Nikel for the Price of an Iphone.” Barents Observer, 1 March. Online: https://thebarentsobserver.com/en/life-and-public/2020/03/you-can-now-buy-apartment-nikel-price-iphone
Olsen, B. J. 2001. “The End of History? Archaeology and the Politics of Identity in a Globalized World.” In The Destruction and Conservation of Cultural Property, edited by R. Layton, P. Stone and J. Thomas, 42–54. London: Routledge.
____., M. Burström, C. DeSilvey and Þ. Pétursdóttir, eds. 2021. After Discourse: Things, Affects, Ethics. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429200014
Olsen, B. J. and Þ. Pétursdóttir, eds. 2014a. Ruin Memories: Materiality, Aesthetics and the Archaeology of the Recent Past. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315778211
____. 2014b. “Sarnes Internat: Archaeological Aesthetics.” Journal of Contemporary Archaeology 1 (1): 57–72. https://doi.org/10.1558/jca.v1i1.57
____. 2016. “Unruly Heritage: Tracing Legacies in the Anthropocene.” Arkæologisk Forum 35: 38–45.
Olsen, B. J. and A. Svestad 1994. “Creating Prehistory: Archaeology Museums and the Discourse of Modernism.” Nordisk Museologi 1994 (1): 3–20. https://doi.org/10.5617/nm.3772
Olsen, B. J. and S. Vinogradova 2020. “(In)significantly Soviet: the Heritage of Teriberka.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 26 (9): 901–918. https://doi.org/10.1080/13527258.2019.1620831
Olsen, B. J. and C. Witmore 2014. “Sværholt: Recovered Memories from a POW Camp in the Far North. In Ruin Memories: Materialities, Aesthetics and the Archaeology of the Recent Past, edited by B. J. Olsen and Þ. Pétursdóttir, 162–190. London: Routledge.
Pe?tursdo?ttir, Þ. 2013. Concrete Matters: Ruins of Modernity and the Things Called Heritage. Journal of Social Archaeology 13 (1): 31–53. https://doi.org/10.1177/1469605312456342
____. and B. J. Olsen. 2018. “Theory Adrift: The Matter of Archaeological Theorizing.” Journal of Social Archaeology 18 (1): 97–117. https://doi.org/10.1177/1469605317737426
Porsanger, J. and P. K. Virtanen. 2019. “Introduction – A Holistic Approach to Indigenous Peoples’ Rights to Cultural Heritage.” AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples 15 (4): 289–299. https://doi.org/10.1177/1177180119890133
Reid, S. 2009. “Communist Comfort: Socialist Modernism and the Making of Cosy Homes in the Khrushchev-Era Soviet Union.” Gender and History 21 (3): 465–498. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0424.2009.01564.x
Ryabova, L. and E. Korchak. 2013. “Perspectivuy razvitiya malukh pribreznukh poselenuy Murmanskoy oblasty: poselok Teriberka.” Sever I Rynok: formirovanie novogo economicheskogo poryadka. 34 (3): 47–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revmed.2012.07.016
Sandanger, T. M., E. Anda, T. F. Berglen, A. Evenset, G. Christensen and E. S. Heimstad. 2013. Health and Environmental Impacts in the Norwegian Border Area Related to Local Russian Industrial Emissions: Knowledge Status. NILU OR, Oppdragsrapporter 40/2013. Kjeller: Norwegian Institute for Air Research. Online: https://www.nilu.com/publication/27314/
Smith, L. and E. Waterton. 2009. Heritage, Communities and Archaeology. London: Duckworth.
Tamm, M. 2015. “Introduction: Afterlife of Events: Perspectives on Mnemohistory.” In Afterlife of Events: Perspectives on Mnemohistory, edited by M. Tamm, 1–26. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137470188_1
Tennberg, M., J. Vola and A. Espiritu. 2014. “Neoliberal Governance, Sustainable Development and Local Communities in the Barents Region.” Barents Studies: Peoples, Economies and Politics 1 (1): 41–72.
Trudolyubov, M. 2011. “Hope in a Dying Soviet Mentality.” Moscow Times, 19 December. Online: https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2011/12/18/hope-in-a-dying-soviet-mentality-a11502
Varga-Harris, C. 2015. Stories of House and Home – Soviet Apartment Life during the Khrushchev Years. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. https://doi.org/10.7591/cornell/9780801453076.001.0001
Venovcevs, A. 2021. “Living with Socialism: Toward an Archaeology of a Post-Soviet Industrial Town.” Extractive Industries and Society 8 (4): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2020.10.017
Walsh, K., 1992. The Representation of the Past: Museums and Heritage in the Post Modern World. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203320570
Weber, M. 1947 . The Theory of Social and Economic Organizations. Trans. A. M. Henderson and T. Parsons. New York: Free Press.
____. 1971. Makt og byråkrati. Essays om politikk og klasse, samfunnsforskning og verdier. Ed. E. Fivelsdal. Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag.
Xanthaki, A., P. K. Nuorgam, L. Heinämäki and S. Valkonen, eds. 2017. Indigenous Peoples’ Cultural Heritage: Rights, Debates, Challenges. Leiden: Brill. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004342194
How to Cite
© Equinox Publishing Ltd.
For information regarding our Open Access policy, click here.