Contesting Temporalities in a Runaway Slave Town

Mexico, 1769 to the Present

Authors

  • Adela Amaral William & Mary

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1558/jca.33824

Keywords:

civility, governmentality, maroons, Mexico, progress, ruins

Abstract

This article follows various forms of colonial governmentality in Mexico and their legacies in the present. Beginning in the late eighteenth century and through reconstruction following the Mexican Revolution, state officials have attempted to construct the futures of residents of Amapa, a town founded by black runaway slaves. The article discusses how past and present townspeople have created and practiced distinct temporalities, incorporating the often-failed material and political potentials that were imagined for them.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Adela Amaral, William & Mary

Adela Amaral is an Assistant Professor in the anthropology department at the College of William & Mary. Her research interests include historical anthropology and archaeology, colonialism and the colonial present, race, material ethnography, and social geography and spatial practice in Mexico. Her research attempts to characterize black experiences in Mexico using a multi-method approach to reconstruct how social worlds, including "natural" environments, were/are constructed for African descended populations as well as how these worlds are created and experienced by them.

References

Aguilar Camin, H. and L. Meyer. 1993. In the Shadows of the Mexican Revolution: Contemporary Mexican History, 1910-1989. Translated by L. A. Fierro. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Alegre, F. J. 1956. Historia de la Provincia de la Compañia de Jesús de Nueva España, Tomo I, edited by E .J. Burrus and F. Zubillaga. Rome: Institutum Historicum.

Amaral, A. 2017. “Social Geographies, the Practice of Marronage, and the Archaeology of Absence in Colonial Mexico.” Archaeological Dialogues 24 (2): 207–223. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1380203817000228

Bailey, G. 2007. “Time Perspectives, Palimpsests and the Archaeology of Time.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 26 (2): 198–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaa.2006.08.002

Benjamin, W. 1999. The Arcades Project. Translated by H. Eiland and K. McLaughlin. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Bertheley, L. C. 1957. Algunas Consideraciones Sobre las Misiones Culturales. México.

Browne, S. 2015. Dark Matters: On the Surveillance of Blackness. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Buck-Morss, S. 1991. The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Camp, S. M. H. 2004. Closer to Freedom: Enslaved Women and Everyday Resistance in the Plantation South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Comaroff, J. and J. L. Comaroff. 1999. “Occult Economies and the Violence of Abstraction: Notes from the South African Postcolony.” American Ethnologist 26 (2): 279–303. https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.1999.26.2.279

Comas, J. 1953. Ensayos sobre indigenismo. México, DF: Instituto Indigenista Interamericano.

Corona, E. 1947. Razón de ser de las Misiones Culturales de la Secretaria de Educación Pública. México, DF: SEP.

Coronil, F. 1997. The Magical State: Nature, Money, and Modernity in Venezuela. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

____. 2001. “Smelling Like a Market.” American Historical Review 106 (1): 119–129. https://doi.org/10.2307/2652229

Covarrubias Orozco, S. 1611. Tesoro de la lengua castellana, o española. Madrid: Luis Sanchez.

Cummins, T. 2002. “Forms of Andean Colonial Towns, Free Will, and Marriage.” In The Archaeology of Colonialism, edited by C. L. Lyons and J. K. Papadopoulos, 199–240. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute.

Davidson, D. M. 1966. “Negro Slave Control and Resistance in Colonial Mexico, 1519-1650.” The Hispanic American Historical Review 46 (3): 235–253.

Dawdy, S. L. 2010. “Clockpunk Anthropology and the Ruins of Modernity.” Current Anthropology 51 (6): 761–793. https://doi.org/10.1086/657626

____. 2016. “Profane Archaeology and the Existential Dialectics of the City.” Journal of Social Archaeology 16 (1): 32–55. https://doi.org/10.1177/1469605315615054

Dawson, A. S. 2004. Indian and Nation in Revolutionary Mexico. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Deans-Smith, S. 1992. Bureaucrats, Planters, and Workers: The Making of the Tobacco Monopoly in Bourbon Mexico. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Foster, G. M. 1964. “Treasure Tales, and the Image of the Static Economy in a Mexican Peasant Community.” American Folklore Society 77 (303): 39–44. https://doi.org/10.2307/538017

Foucault, M. 2009. Security, Territory, Population: Lectures at the College de France 1977-1978. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

González-Ruibal, A. 2006. “The Past is Tomorrow: Towards an Archaeology of the Vanishing Present.” Norwegian Archaeological Review 39 (2): 110–125. https://doi.org/10.1080/00293650601030073

Hamann, B. E. 2011. Inquisitions and Social Conflicts in Sixteenth-Century Yanhuitlan and Valencia: Catholic Colonizations in the Early Modern Transatlantic World. PhD diss., University of Chicago.

Hanks, W. F. 2010. Converting Words: Maya in the Age of the Cross. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Kagan, R. L. 2000. Urban Images of the Hispanic World, 1493-1793. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Koselleck, R. 1985. Futures Past: On the Semantics of Historical Time. Translated by K. Tribe. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Landers, J. G. 2006. “Cimarrón and Citizen: African Ethnicity, Corporate Identity, and the Evolution of Free Black Towns in the Spanish Circum-Caribbean.” In Slaves, Subjects, and Subversives: Blacks in Colonial Latin America, edited by J. G. Landers and B. M. Robinson, 111–146. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Low, S. M. 1993. “Cultural Meaning of the Plaza: The History of the Spanish-American Gridplan-Plaza Design.” In The Cultural Meaning of Urban Space, edited by R. Rotenberg and G. McDonogh, 75–93. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.

Lund, J. 2012. The Mestizo State: Reading Race in Modern Mexico. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. https://doi.org/10.5749/minnesota/9780816656363.001.0001

Masquelier, A. 2013. “Teatime: Boredom and the Temporalities of Young Men in Niger.” Journal of the International African Institute 83 (3): 385–402. https://doi.org/10.1353/afr.2013.0041

McNaspy, C. J. 1987. “The Archaeology of the Paraguay Reductions (1609-1767).” World Archaeology 18 (3): 398–410. https://doi.org/10.1080/00438243.1987.9980014

Naveda Chavez-Hita, A. 1987. Esclavos Negros en las Haciendas Azucareras de Córdoba, Veracruz, 1690-1830. Xalapa, Ver., Mexico: Centro de Investigaciones Históricas.

Olivier, L. 2004. “The Past of the Present: Archaeological Memory and Time.” Archaeological Dialogues 10 (2): 204–213. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1380203804001254

Pérez de Ribas, A. 1896. Corónica y Historia Religiosa de la Provincia de la Compañía de Jesús de México en Nueva España. México, DF: Imprenta del Sagrado Corazon de Jesús.

Proctor, F. 2009. “Slave Rebellion and Liberty in Colonial Mexico.” In Black Mexico: Race and Society from Colonial to Modern Times, edited by B. Vinson III and M. Restall, 21–50. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Rice, P. M. 2011. “Order (and Disorder) in Early Colonial Moquega, Peru.” International Journal of Historical Archaeology 15 (3): 481–508. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10761-011-0151-0

Schwartz, D. 2016. Transforming the Tropics: Development, Displacement, and Anthropology in the Papaloapan, Mexico, 1940s-1970s. PhD diss., University of Chicago, Department of History.

Scott, D. 1999. Refashioning Futures: Criticism after Postcoloniality. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400823062

____. 2014. Omens of Adversity: Tragedy, Time, Memory, Justice. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Taussig, M. T. 1980. The Devil and Commodity Fetishism in South America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Tsing, A. L. 2012. “On Nonscalability: The Living World is not Amenable to Precision-Nested Scales.” Common Sense 18 (3): 505–524. https://doi.org/10.1215/0961754X-1630424

Van Valkenburgh, P. 2017. “Unsettling Time: Persistence and Memory in Spanish Colonial Peru.” Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 24 (1): 117–148. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10816-017-9321-7

Vaughan, M. K. 1997. Cultural Politics in Revolution: Teachers, Peasants, and Schools in Mexico, 1930-1940. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

____. 2006. “Nationalizing the Countryside: Schools and Rural Communities in the 1930s.” In The Eagle and the Virgin: Nation and Cultural Revolution in Mexico, 1920-1940, edited by M. K. Vaughan and S. E. Lewis. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822387527-008

Wernke, S. A. 2013. Negotiated Settlements: Andean Communities and Landscapes under Inka and Spanish Colonialism. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. https://doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813042497.001.0001

Published

2019-06-26

How to Cite

Amaral, A. (2019). Contesting Temporalities in a Runaway Slave Town: Mexico, 1769 to the Present. Journal of Contemporary Archaeology, 6(1), 47–63. https://doi.org/10.1558/jca.33824