The Anthropocene

or, Gaia Shrugs


  • Bruce Clarke Texas Tech University



anthropocene, Earth System Science, Gaia theory


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Author Biography

Bruce Clarke, Texas Tech University

Bruce Clarke is Paul Whitfield Horn Professor of Literature and Science and interim chair in the Department of English at Texas Tech University.


Clarke, B. 2012. “‘Gaia is Not an Organism’: The Early Scientific Collaboration of Lynn Margulis and James Lovelock.” In Lynn Margulis: The Life and Legacy of a Scientific Rebel, edited by D. Sagan, 32–43. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green.

IGBP (International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme). Available online:

Lovelock, J. E. 1979. Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Margulis, L. 1995. “Gaia is a Tough Bitch.” In The Third Culture: Beyond the Scientific Revolution, edited by J. Brockman, 129–151. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Margulis, L. and D. Sagan. 2000. What is Life? Berkeley: University of California Press.

Shapiro, J. A. 2011. Evolution: A View from the 21st Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Press Science.

Syvitski, J. 2012. “Anthropocene: An Epoch of our Making.” Global Change 78: 12–15.




How to Cite

Clarke, B. (2014). The Anthropocene: or, Gaia Shrugs. Journal of Contemporary Archaeology, 1(1), 101–104.



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