Hip Nostalgia

Jazz and the Politics of Representation in Three Dramedies

  • Gabriel Solis University of Illinois
Keywords: Preacher (Television programme), I’m Dying Up Here (Television programme), Louie (Television programme), jazz on television, Louis C.K., sex workers, stand-up comedy

Abstract

The opening episode of season two of the AMC series Preacher begins with a big reveal that sets in motion the season’s subsequent action: God has come to earth and gone missing. The protagonists—a preacher possessed by the powerful, but amoral offspring of the illicit coupling of an angel and a demon, his contract killer girlfriend, and an Irish vampire—track the almighty to a small town strip club in East Texas he has been rumored to frequent. God is not there, mayhem ensues, and in the club’s office the manager—before succumbing to a gunshot wound—tells the preacher, with a sigh, ‘God didn’t come for the girls, you idiot. He came…for the jazz.’ The show then cuts to the club’s performance space where a piano-less trio led by veteran New Orleans drummer Johnny Vidacovich offers a Coltrane-inflected, hard bop-style tune while pole dancers writhe at the edge of the screen. Jazz is here partly, it turns out, to give the showrunners an excuse to set the season in New Orleans, but it is also here for more than simple exigency. This article plumbs the place of jazz in three contemporary American television shows’ soundtracks: AMC’s Preacher, Showtime’s I’m Dying Up Here, and F/X’s Louie. Together they represent a distinct cultural phenomenon in a distinct historical moment: the embrace of jazz as a music signifying creativity and the new; hipness and the bohemian margins of polite society; and elite, left wing intellectualism in an America riven by hope, change, and retrenchment. It is perhaps no surprise that each of these shows has a similar soundtrack—not only inasmuch as each includes new jazz recordings, in fact, but also in the range of other music compiled for their scores. They share a format—the ambivalent ‘dramedy’—an auteurish quality, an embrace of indie film aesthetics on the small screen, and a target audience. God aside, each of these shows participates in a signifying chain that links jazz to other aspects of American entertainment that once thrived together in a kind of demimonde, and which have since largely become uncoupled from each other; a Cold War-era world of Playboy clubs and the Rat Pack.

What, this article asks, might be at stake in reattaching jazz, stand up comedy, and strippers in these television shows? What does their target audience want from that set of associations? Answering those questions requires a close look not only at the narrative frames in which jazz is made to participate and the televisual techniques with which it is shown, but also at the particular sonic qualities that define jazz for these shows. Jazz is, of course, a famously varied genre label. Each of these shows features the same kind of jazz: an eclectic style based in Miles Davis’s approach to texture and form and in John Coltrane’s harmonic explorations as elaborated since the 1970s. Notably, in using this style of music they have found a jazz that is neither strongly associated with the middleclass Black project of the ‘neo-traditional’ resurgence of historical styles starting in the 1990s, nor associated with the Black radical project of hip hop and R&B-tinged Afrofuturist jazz growing in popularity at the time the shows were released. It is not so much that the vision of jazz these shows produce is white, as that it occludes its racial signifiers altogether. In the most critical assessment one might say that this is a (mostly) white, (mostly) male attempt to recapture a moment of white hipness: a chance to make Bohemian America great again. A more sympathetic interpretation may use Svetlana Boym’s distinction between restorative and reflective nostalgia to argue that the desire is to recapture the possibility of a different future offered by a selective memory of the past. These shows all make gestures toward a more multicultural world, and a world impacted by feminist and queer movements. This article holds open the possibility that by longing for a moment when jazz was hip these shows may be articulating with an audience’s desire for a more critical, more aware, more just future.

Author Biography

Gabriel Solis, University of Illinois

Gabriel Solis is professor of (Ethno)musicology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, where he also holds professorial appointments in African American Studies and Anthropology. He is the author of two books dealing with Thelonious Monk’s music (University of California Press and Oxford University Press) and co-editor with Bruno Nettl of a book on musical Improvisation (University of Illinois Press). His articles have appeared in edited volumes as well as such journals as Ethnomusicology, Journal of the Royal Musical Association, The Musical Quarterly, Jazz Perspectives, Critical Sociology, and the Journal of the Association for the Study of the Arts of the Present. He has held fellowships from the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and most recently the Trans-Atlantic Partnership ‘Digging Into Data’ program. He is at work on a book on the circulation of Black music and philosophy in Indigenous communities in Australia and the Southwestern Pacific titled The Black Pacific: Music, Race, and Indigeneity.

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Published
2019-09-20
How to Cite
Solis, G. (2019). Hip Nostalgia. Jazz Research Journal, 12(1), 138-162. https://doi.org/10.1558/jazz.35903