Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice 2021-12-01T19:27:15+00:00 Srikant Sarangi Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Editor</strong> </p> <p><a href="">Srikant Sarangi</a>, Aalborg University, Denmark</p> <p>This journal has the distinct aim of advancing research and practice in applied linguistics as a principled and interdisciplinary endeavour, reflexively foregrounding applied linguistics as professional practice and reflecting the continuation, expansion and re-specification of the field of applied linguistics as originally conceived. Language teaching/learning, second language acquisition, and the education profession remain important in the journal's remit but not exclusively so, with an active engagement of the journal moving to sites from a variety of other professional domains such as law, healthcare, counselling, journalism, business interpreting and translating, where applied linguists have major contributions to make. </p> Semiotic vagueness as a tool for goal fulfilment 2021-12-01T19:27:15+00:00 Anders Björkvall Catharina Nyström Höög <p>Over the past 15 years, ‘platform of values’ texts presenting core values have become common in most Swedish public authorities. This article presents a study of how this genre is understood and used in professional practices. The aim is to show how semiotic vagueness in such texts serves a number of previously under-researched purposes in public organizations, including, rather paradoxically, concrete goal achievement. The framework of critical genre analysis enables the analytical process to move from text to practice, and further to the superordinate level of professional culture. Three different data sets are analysed: 47 ‘platform of values’ texts; a focus group discussion with seven senior civil servants/managers; and a quantitative questionnaire study answered by civil servants from three public authorities. The findings suggest that vagueness serves as a means to exercise managerial control through the promotion of interpretative work and continuous, identity-related dialogues on value related issues. The article argues that even though such uses of the ‘platform of values’ genre may be functional in neo-bureaucratic organizations, it is also problematic when semiotic vagueness is used as a tool for concrete actions such as internal promotions.</p> 2021-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Linguists and language workers 2021-12-01T19:27:00+00:00 Veronika Koller <p>In this paper, I address two connected topics: firstly, the relationships between linguists working in academia and language professionals, such as communication managers and consultants, in other sectors; and secondly, how a strong emphasis on knowledge exchange and impact in British higher education policy has led to increased collaboration between academic and non-academic language workers, but also to a realignment of traditional academic values with the interests of practitioners. The investigation is partly based on published reflections – mostly by linguists – on collaborating with (language) professionals in other sectors, and partly on insights from 13 interviews with language workers in consulting, communications and campaigning. The interviews are manually analysed for thematic categories and, where relevant, for pragmatic meanings in the context of the interview situation and conversational interaction. Findings suggest conflicts around registers and timescales, along with concerns over data and the relevance of academic interests. Crucially, language professionals show little concern about collaborating with academics, leading to an imbalance in interests. I supplement the evidence with personal observations on the opportunities and obstacles that are present when straddling academic and non-academic work, as well as with a discussion of how a unidirectional realignment of values changes the nature of academic work.</p> 2021-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Managing information, interaction and team building in nurse shift-change handovers 2021-12-01T19:26:55+00:00 Virpi Ylänne Michelle Aldridge-Waddon Tereza Spilioti Tom Bartlett <p>Whilst there is a wealth of literature on medical handovers, discourse analytic work based on recorded interactional data on these pivotal speech events in health care is less prevalent. This case study of a shift-change nursing handover at a UK hospital Medical Assessment Unit (MAU) takes a microanalytical perspective on nurses’ talk and interaction, which enables us to examine its structural and functional complexity at utterance level. Our methodological approach comprises observations, one semi-structured interview with senior nursing staff (and many informal conversations with various staff), and in total twelve audio-recordings of interactions during, and around, the twice-daily shift-change handovers. By adopting ‘a multiple goals in discourse’ perspective and the framework of activity analysis, we demonstrate the nurses’ interactional management of multiple discourse and activity roles and pursuance of goals that transcend the medically and institutionally crucial transmission of information. This shows the nurses’ orientation to the handover task as not only a structured institutionally regulated event, but also one that tolerates more spontaneous activities that can potentially contribute to team cohesion and staff well-being.</p> 2021-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Using a patient decision aid about insulin treatment in type 2 diabetes clinics 2021-12-01T19:27:09+00:00 Ayeshah Syed <p>The Candlin Researcher Award<br />The low uptake of insulin leaves many Malaysians with type 2 diabetes at risk of developing complications. To improve decision making about insulin treatment, a patient decision aid (PDA) was developed for use with patients. However, although it is generally accepted that PDAs can support informed and shared decision making, there is limited discursive data showing how they are used in doctor–patient consultations. This paper reports on activity analysis of clinic consultations in which a PDA about insulin treatment was used. Eleven consultations with diverse participants conducted in three healthcare settings in Malaysia were systematically mapped to identify structural, interactional and thematic patterns. Two main phases of Assessment and Treatment were identified, with doctors generally participating more than patients. Mapping of the Treatment phase showed that structural patterns depended on two main factors: whether patients had read the PDA and whether they responded negatively or positively towards insulin. While mapping is only a preliminary stage of activity analysis, the findings offer insights into structural, interactional and thematic patterns in PDA use at the level of the whole consultation. They also point towards key areas for closer analysis of discursive practices.</p> 2021-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd. Practising applied linguistics and the change agenda 2021-12-01T19:27:04+00:00 Srikant Sarangi Tarja Nikula Anne Pitkänen-Huhta <p>Forum Discussion</p> 2021-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Equinox Publishing Ltd.