Japanese te iu ka as a sentence-final expression in writing


  • Hironori Nishi University of Memphis




Japanese, te iu ka, sentence-final expressions, discourse analysis, pragmatics


The present study explores cases of the use of the Japanese expression te iu ka in the sentence-final position in internet blogs and discussion boards. The analysis shows that there are two types of sentence-final te iu ka: one used for adding supplementary information and the other for mitigating the preceding statement. The present study also discusses processes through which te iu ka is placed in the sentence-final position. When sentence-final te iu ka is used to add supplementary information, the placement of te iu ka in the sentence-final position is caused by right dislocation. When sentence-final te iu ka is used for mitigation, it is caused by the omission of the B component in A te iu ka B. The present study contributes to the existing literature by offering the notion of two different formation processes of sentence-final te iu ka, which also affect its pragmatic functions.

Author Biography

Hironori Nishi, University of Memphis

Hironori Nishi currently serves as an Assistant Professor of Japanese in the Department of World Languages and Literatures at the University of Memphis. His research interests include discourse analysis, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, second-language acquisition, and classroom pedagogy.


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How to Cite

Nishi, H. . (2021). Japanese te iu ka as a sentence-final expression in writing. East Asian Pragmatics, 6(2), 185–206. https://doi.org/10.1558/eap.20332